The term heart disease encompasses a huge amount of cardiovascular territory. That’s because it’s not a single disease but one that refers to all sorts of heart-related health conditions, many of them chronic, that impact how well your heart functions. Some of the more common forms of heart disease include hypertension (high blood pressure), coronary artery disease (CAD), heart attack, congestive heart failure, heart valve disease, atrial fibrillation and other arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat), and stroke.
Statin medications are the first-line treatment recommended for those who have heart disease or are at high risk. Other medications may be needed, such as drugs to lower blood pressure and manage diabetes. Following a healthy lifestyle—including getting regular exercise, following a heart-healthy diet, reducing stress, and not smoking—is also important.
If lifestyle changes and prescription medications aren’t effectively treating your heart disease, your doctor may recommend other options such as surgery, special procedures, or medical devices.
Talk to us! Discuss your lifestyle as well as your family’s medical history so that you can learn more about what you can do to lower your risk.